Research: Practioners

Sam Winston.



(Dictionary Limited edition, 2001) 

Winston, S. (2001) Dictionary Limited edition. [Online]. Available from  [Accessed 25 October 2015].

  • Type and language.
  • Certain words from dictionary become living characters.
  • Arrangement of letters = sound.
  • Shape of how the letters are formed = sound.
  • Poetry
  • Distinctive and stands out.
  • Playful arrangement of type.
  • Publication-Leaflet.

Dictionary poster

(Dictionary Story Print, 2001) 

Winston, S. (2001) Dictionary Story print. [Online]. Available from [Accessed 25 October 2015].

  • Type arrangements-Playful.
  • Arrangement of type = Sound.
  • Language and type.
  • Poetry.


pg4 MUT. time| beast Pg4Detail

Made up True Story

Winston, S. Made up true story. [Online]. Available from  [Accessed 25 October 2015].

  • Poetry.
  • Shape formed by type = sounds of poetry.
  • Detailed.
  • Shows how sound could be read by type.
  • Visually appealing.

pagedetail prvsdraft3

Orphan (1999-2010)

Winston, S. (1999-2010) Orphan. [Online]. Available from  [Accessed 25 October 2015].

  • 1999: Scraps of paper,  diary notes and typed word document to express through a story
  • 2010: Winston finally did a final draft of orphan.
  • He generated a history of documents that said something about the process of writing itself.
  • Orphan presented  Winston’s final tale and show the archaeology of that writing process.
  • Poetry
  • Experimental type-collage.
  • Rendered different typefaces.


(Memory Palace: The Commissions, 2013)

Winston, S. (2013) Memory Palace: The Commissions. [Online]. Available from:  [Accessed 25 October 2015].

‘It was part of something sacred and mysterious, called the Great Table of Elements. In the ancient libraries and hospitals the alphabet marks were chanted as a prayer’. (Sam Winston, 2013)

  • Sam Winston worked on the passage of text that reveals that the central character has been imprisoned, because he was found with a fragment of the Periodic table.
  •  All of the elements that exist in three objects – a gold watch, a book and a SIM card.
  • Winston chose these objects to represent the banned concepts of time, knowledge and technology.
  • Shape formed in the centre of the design -Oval- Different sizes of lettering = sound
  • Experiments with words and language that are both carriers of message and meaning, and as visual information itself.
  • Visually appealing.


Ed Fella

ed fella 2

Fella, E. (1989-1999) Prisma Colour lettering.[Online]. Available from: [Accessed 25 October 2015].

  • Different sizes of lettering could be used to represent volume of sounds of speeches.
  • Rendering different letterforms could help with how words are pronounced differently.
  • Bright.
  • Vibrant.
  • Stands out.
  • Playful Hand Rendered type.
  • I could experiment more the arrangement of type to go with sounds of speech.


Fella, E. (2005) Commercial art alphabet: not a font. [Online]. Available from: [Accessed 25 October 2015].

  • Different sizing and weights of letters could also represent volume of sounds of speech.
  •  For my project, I will not focus too much on stylising lettering as stylising lettering is not always a direct meaning to sound.


Fella, E. (2006) Encore. [Online]. Available from: %5BAccessed 25 October 2015].

  • Different colours.
  • Bright and vibrant.
  • Visually appealing.
  • Hand lettering.
  • I will need to consider using Different colours or different shades of colours to emphasise words more. But to consider the colour connotations and if the colour goes with the speech.


Fella, E. (2003) All ball point & pencil Lettering Book. [Online]. Available from: [Accessed 25 October 2015].

  • Colour type arrangement
  • Lettering -Hand drawn.
  • Colourful.
  • Stands out.
  • Different styles and rendering lettering.
  • For my project, Colour could emphasise volume of sounds of speech.



Paul Elliman

Screen Shot 2015-10-28 at 14.17.50

Elliman, P. Flickr. [Online]. Available from: [Accessed 25 October 2015].

Elliman is a designer, who combines typography and the human voice, using found objects. He designed the ‘Bits’ typeface using found objects. His work is often referred to as audio signage. (frieze, 2013)

  • Found objects.
  • Audio signage.
  • Typography = Human voice.
  • Experimental.
  • Monotone.
  • Elliman uses found objects to create his type but then digitalise them.


Elliman, P. bits_alphabeth[Online]. Available from: %5BAccessed 25 October 2015].

  • Paul Elliman ‘bits’ design was developed in the mid ninety’s and published in the 15th cities issue of Fuse’s font box.

Elliman(2015) states that

“Language moves between us and the world on patterns of repetition and variation, and a mimetic example of this might be something like an alphabet”

  • Elliman suggests that the alphabet is an example of repetition and variation in voice and language.
  • Found objects.
  • Different sizes of letters= volume of speech.
  • Big letters = Loud and small letter= Quiet.
  • Different weight of letters = Volume of speech
  • Bold =loud and light=quiet



Elliman, P. Bits alphabet. [Online]. Available from: [Accessed 25 October 2015].

  • ‘Bits’ Typeface.
  • Found Objects = sounds
  • Bold
  • Distinctive.
  • Alphabet.
  • Different sizes = volume.
  • Elliman’s work is shaped  shaped by an interest in typography, voice, sound, codes, and the urban environment.
Ecstatic Alphabets/ Heaps of Language

Ecstatic Alphabets/ Heaps of Language

Elliman, P. (2012) Ecstatic Alphabets/Heaps of Language. [Online]. Available from: [Accessed 25 October 2015].

  • He created this ecstatic alphabets out of cardboard pieces in 2012.
  • Experimental.
  • The disembodied voice becomes a surreal audio signage, an object in itself that shapes our perception of place.
  • This typeface ‘Found fount’ shows meaning and intention between language and the form it embodies (frieze, 2013)
  • Used Cardboard to create shapes of the alphabet to resemble sounds of the cities.


Ann Bessemans



Bessemans, A. (2011) Matilda. [Online]. Available at: %5BAccessed 29 October 2015].

For Ann Bessemans PHD project, she created a typeface(‘Matilda’) to help children with low vision. (Uhasselt,2015)

  • Sans serif and serif type
  • Legibility
  • Typeface
  • Her research interests include the interrelations between image & word, typography, font design, legibility, reading graphic design, book design and modular systems.
  • To help children read simple forms to complex forms.


Bessemans, A. (2012) Letter type Matilda Regular, italic, bold. [Online]. Available at: [Accessed 29 October 2015]

  • Digital.
  • Aesthetic design of a new font.
  • Legibility.
  • Legibility will help with my project with type and sound. As some of my words will need to be read like the sound.


Bessemans, A. (2012) Matilda Lettertype. [Online]. Available at: [Accessed 29 October 2015]

  • Besseman’s work does not consider type and sound, however some aspects of type I will need to consider such as the legibility-How it will be read so it can also match the sound.
  • Her work is more typographic and uses typefaces.


Bessemans, A. (2012) Matilda typeface. [Online]. Available at: [Accessed 29 October 2015].

  • Her PHD study was an attempt at bridging the gap between font designers and cognitive scientists studying the legibility of letter characters (Uhasselt,2015)
  • Her goal of this PhD project was to design a font that can reduce the reading problems of children with low vision (Uhasselt,2015).
  • Her work is not closely related to type and sound, however some aspects like the legibility of type will be important to my project- How type can be read to match the sound.-I will need to consider this for my project.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s